[PDF] The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained by D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl Book Free Download


The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained

Download The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained by D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl Book PDF. This physics book is full of short explanations that discuss technical language, step-by-step diagrams that reveal complex theories, interesting quotes, and fun illustrations that play with our understanding of physics. These diverse and comprehensive interpretations of physics include Pythagoras’s observations on music, Galileo’s experiments with spheres, and Isaac Newton’s theory of gravity and laws of motion.

Albert Einstein’s understanding of relativity and the Big Bang theory of the discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation reveal the reasons why most of the universe is “missing”.

The work shows how each idea originated and entered into history and wider development in areas such as energy, matter, electricity, magnetism, quantum physics, nuclear, and particles. Continuing to bring together the trademark series of authoritative “Big Ideas”, sharp text and bold graphics, Physics Textbook uses an innovative visual approach to make the subject accessible to everyone, whether you’re an avid student or just a math master.

If you’ve ever asked yourself how physicists formulate and demonstrate this abstract concept, this book is very useful to answering such questions.

Introduction of The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained

We humans have a heightened sense of our surroundings. We evolved this way to outmaneuver stronger and faster predators. To achieve this, we have had to predict the behavior of both the living and the inanimate world.

Knowledge gained from our experiences was passed down through generations via an ever-evolving system of language, and our cognitive prowess and ability to use tools took our species to the top of the food chain. We spread out of Africa from around 60,000 years ago, extending our abilities to survive in inhospitable locations through sheer ingenuity. Our ancestors developed techniques to allow them to grow plentiful food for their families, and settled into communities.

Experimental methods – The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained

Early societies drew meaning from unrelated events, saw patterns that did not exist, and spun mythologies. They also developed new tools and methods of working, which required advanced knowledge of the inner workings of the world—be it the seasons or the annual flooding of the Nile—in order to expand resources.

In some regions, there were periods of relative peace and abundance. In these civilized societies, some people were free to wonder about our place in the universe. First the Greeks, then the Romans tried to make sense of the world through patterns they observed in nature.

Thales of Miletus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and others began to reject supernatural explanations and produce rational answers in the quest to create absolute knowledge—they began to experiment. At the fall of the Roman Empire, so many of these ideas were lost to the Western world, which fell into a dark age of religious wars, but they continued to flourish in the Arab world and Asia.

Scholars there continued to ask questions and conduct experiments. The language of mathematics was invented to document this newfound knowledge. Ibn al-Haytham and Ibn Sahl were just two of the Arab scholars who kept the flame of scientific knowledge alive in the 10th and 11th centuries, yet their discoveries, particularly in the fields of optics and astronomy, were ignored for centuries outside the Islamic world.

A new age of ideas

With global trade and exploration came the exchange of ideas. Merchants and mariners carried books, stories, and technological marvels from east to west. Ideas from this wealth of culture drew Europe out of the dark ages and into a new age of enlightenment known as the Renaissance.

A revolution of our world view began as ideas from ancient civilizations became updated or outmoded, replaced by new ideas of our place in the universe. A new generation of experimenters poked and prodded nature to extract her secrets. In Poland and Italy, Copernicus and Galileo challenged ideas that had been considered sacrosanct for two millennia—and they suffered harsh persecution as a result.

Then, in England in the 17th century, Isaac Newton’s laws of motion established the basis of classical physics, which was to reign supreme for more than two centuries. Understanding motion allowed us to build new tools— machines—able to harness energy in many forms to do work. Steam engines and water mills were two of the most important of these— they ushered in the Industrial Revolution (1760–1840).

The evolution of physics – The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained

In the 19th century, the results of experiments were tried and tested numerous times by a new international network of scientists.

They shared their findings through papers, explaining the patterns they observed in the language of mathematics. Others built models from which they attempted to explain these empirical equations of correlation. Models simplified the complexities of nature into digestible chunks, easily described by simple geometries and relationships.

These models made predictions about new behaviors in nature, which were tested by a new wave of pioneering experimentalists—if the predictions were proven true, the models were deemed laws which all of nature seemed to obey.

The relationship of heat and energy was explored by French physicist Sadi Carnot and others, founding the new science of thermodynamics. British physicist James Clerk Maxwell produced equations to describe the close relationship of electricity and magnetism—electromagnetism. By 1900, it seemed that there were laws to cover all the great phenomena of the physical world. Then, in the first decade of the 20th century, a series of discoveries sent shock waves through the scientific community, challenging former “truths” and giving birth to modern physics.

A German, Max Planck, uncovered the world of quantum physics. Then fellow countryman Albert Einstein revealed his theory of relativity. Others discovered the structure of the atom and uncovered the role of even smaller, subatomic particles. In so doing, they launched the study of particle physics. New discoveries weren’t confined to the microscopic—more advanced telescopes opened up the study of the universe. Within a few generations, humanity went from living at the center of the universe to residing on a speck of dust on the edge of one galaxy among billions.

Not only had we seen inside the heart of matter and released the energy within, we had charted the seas of space with light that had been traveling since soon after the Big Bang.

Physics has evolved over the years as a science, branching out and breaching new horizons as discoveries are made. Arguably, its main areas of concern now lie at the fringes of our physical world, at scales both larger than life and smaller than atoms. Modern physics has found applications in many other fields, including new technology, chemistry, biology, and astronomy.

“The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained by D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl Book Free Download”

The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained by D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl Book Free Download
The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained by D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl Book Free Download

Book Details:

Title Of The Book The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained
Author’s Name D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl
Publishers D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl
File Size 39 MB
File Type PDF

Table Of Content:

    1. Man is the measure of all things • Measuring distance
    2. A prudent question is one half of wisdom • The scientific method
    3. All is number • The language of physics
    4. Bodies suffer no resistance but from the air • Free falling
    5. A new machine for multiplying forces • Pressure
    6. Motion will persist • Momentum
    7. The most wonderful productions of the mechanical arts • Measuring time
    8. All action has a reaction • Laws of motion
    9. The frame of the system of the world • Laws of gravity
    10. Oscillation is everywhere • Harmonic motion
    11. There is no destruction of force • Kinetic energy and potential energy
    12. Energy can be neither created nor destroyed • The conservation of energy
    13. A new treatise on mechanics • Energy and motion
    14. We must look to the heavens for the measure of the Earth • SI units and physical constants
    1. The first principles of the universe • Models of matter
    2. As the extension, so the force • Stretching and squeezing
    3. The minute parts of matter are in rapid motion • Fluids
    4. Searching out the fire-secret • Heat and transfers
    5. Elastical power in the air • The gas laws
    6. The energy of the universe is constant • Internal energy and the first law of thermodynamics
    7. Heat can be a cause of motion • Heat engines
    8. The entropy of the universe tends to a maximum • Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics
    9. The fluid and its vapor become one • Changes of state and making bonds
    10. Colliding billiard balls in a box • The development of statistical mechanics
    11. Fetching some gold from the sun • Thermal radiation
    1. Wondrous forces • Magnetism
    2. The attraction of electricity • Electric charge
    3. Potential energy becomes palpable motion • Electric potential
    4. A tax on electrical energy • Electric current and resistance
    5. Each metal has a certain power • Making magnets
    6. Electricity in motion • The motor effect
    7. The dominion of magnetic forces • Induction and the generator effect
    8. Light itself is an electromagnetic disturbance • Force fields and Maxwell’s equations
    9. Man will imprison the power of the sun • Generating electricity
    10. A small step in the control of nature • Electronics
    11. Animal electricity • Bioelectricity
    12. A totally unexpected scientific discovery • Storing data
    13. An encyclopedia on the head of a pin • Nanoelectronics
    14. A single pole, either north or south • Magnetic monopoles
    1. There is geometry in the humming of the strings • Music
    2. Light follows the path of least time • Reflection and refraction
    3. A new visible world • Focusing light
    4. Light is a wave • Lumpy and wavelike light
    5. Light is never known to bend into the shadow • Diffraction and interference
    6. The north and south sides of the ray • Polarization
    7. The trumpeters and the wave train • The Doppler effect and redshift
    8. These mysterious waves we cannot see • Electromagnetic waves
    9. The language of spectra is a true music of the spheres • Light from the atom
    10. Seeing with sound • Piezoelectricity and ultrasound
    11. A large fluctuating echo • Seeing beyond light
    1. The energy of light is distributed discontinuously in space • Energy quanta
    2. They do not behave like anything that you have ever seen • Particles and waves
    3. A new idea of reality • Quantum numbers
    4. All is waves • Matrices and waves
    5. The cat is both alive and dead • Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle
    6. Spooky action at a distance • Quantum entanglement
    7. The jewel of physics • Quantum field theory
    8. Collaboration between parallel universes • Quantum applications
    1. Matter is not infinitely divisible • Atomic theory
    2. A veritable transformation of matter • Nuclear rays
    3. The constitution of matter • The nucleus
    4. The bricks of which atoms are built up • Subatomic particles
    5. Little wisps of cloud • Particles in the cloud chamber
    6. Opposites can explode • Antimatter
    7. In search of atomic glue • The strong force
    8. Dreadful amounts of energy • Nuclear bombs and power
    9. A window on creation • Particle accelerators
    10. The hunt for the quark • The particle zoo and quarks
    11. Identical nuclear particles do not always act alike • Force carriers
    12. Nature is absurd • Quantum electrodynamics
    13. The mystery of the missing neutrinos • Massive neutrinos
    14. I think we have it • The Higgs boson
    15. Where has all the antimatter gone? • Matter–antimatter asymmetry
    16. Stars get born and die • Nuclear fusion in stars
    1. The windings of the heavenly bodies • The heavens
    2. Earth is not the center of the universe • Models of the universe
    3. No true times or true lengths • From classical to special relativity
    4. The sun as it was about eight minutes ago • The speed of light
    5. Does Oxford stop at this train? • Special relativity
    6. A union of space and time • Curving spacetime
    7. Gravity is equivalent to acceleration • The equivalence principle
    8. Why is the traveling twin younger? • Paradoxes of special relativity
    9. Evolution of the stars and life • Mass and energy
    10. Where spacetime simply ends • Black holes and wormholes
    11. The frontier of the known universe • Discovering other galaxies
    12. The future of the universe • The static or expanding universe
    13. The cosmic egg, exploding at the moment of creation • The Big Bang
    14. Visible matter alone is not enough • Dark matter
    15. An unknown ingredient dominates the universe • Dark energy
    16. Threads in a tapestry • String theory
    17. Ripples in spacetime • Gravitational waves

“The Physics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained by D K ibn Haytham Ibn Sahl PDF File”

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