Parts of Speech – Definition, 8 Types and Examples
What is Parts of Speech?
Parts of speech are the classification of words categorized by their roles and functions within the structure of the language.
Parts of speech encompass everything a language has in itself. Can you imagine all the words of a language can be sorted into these categories? They play different roles in the structure of a language.
The 8 Parts of Speech
Different Parts of Speech with Examples
Noun refers to people, places, things, ideas, concepts, etc.
Michael is a good boy.
Melbourne is the best city.
I’ve never read that book.
Ella lives in France.
The band played only new songs.
A pronoun is used to refer to a noun/noun phrase, or nouns/noun phrases; instead of the repeated use of the same noun(s)/noun phrase(s).
Michael is a good boy.
He gets up early in the morning.
I don’t really know her.
That is a horrible painting!
Who owns the nice car?
Verb shows an action or an ongoing condition. It is considered as the heart of a sentence.
Alex is going home.
He loves his home.
“Will you check if this book is in stock?”
“I’ve already checked twice.”
“I heard that you used to sing.”
“Yes! I sang in a choir for 10 years.”
Adjective modifies or describes noun in a sentence.
Alex loves his beautiful daughters.
His daughters also love their caring father.
The dog is bigger than the cat.
He is the laziest person I know
Adverbs modify or describe adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. It answers the questions When? Where? How? or How much?
He is running fast.
She always reads attentively.
Ray acted rudely.
Talia writes quite quickly.
Let’s go outside!
Preposition gives context to nouns in relationship to other nouns or pronouns.
I am going to France.
France is in Europe.
Hasan is coming for dinner at 6 p.m.
I left the cup on the kitchen counter.
Carey walked to the shop.
A conjunction connects nouns, noun phrases, clauses or sentences together.
Julie love chocolate and chips.
She loves pasta, but she hates pizza.
Daria likes swimming and hiking.
You can choose what movie we watch because I chose the last time.
We can either go out for dinner or go to the theater.
Interjections are brief and abrupt pauses in speech, usually used for expressing emotions.
Oh! That feels terrible.
Alas! They have lost the match.
Psst. What time is it?
Ouch! I hurt my arm.
I’m, um, not sure.
Hey! How are you doing?