Aluminium Nitrate Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties


Aluminum Nitrate: Formula, Preparation Method, and Chemical Properties

Aluminum nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula Al(NO3)3. It is a colorless, hygroscopic solid that is commonly used as a precursor in various industrial processes, including the production of aluminum metal and the preparation of other aluminum compounds. In this article, we will delve into the details of aluminum nitrate, including its formula, preparation method, and chemical properties.

Formula and Structure

The chemical formula for aluminum nitrate is Al(NO3)3, which indicates that it consists of one aluminum ion (Al3+) and three nitrate ions (NO3-). The molecule has a hexagonal structure, with the aluminum ion at the center surrounded by six nitrate ions.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the aluminium nitrate:

Aluminium Nitrate Formula

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the aluminium nitrate is Al(NO3)3.

Preparation Method

Aluminum nitrate can be prepared by reacting aluminum hydroxide or aluminum oxide with nitric acid. The reaction takes place in a laboratory or industrial setting, and the resulting product is purified and crystallized to obtain the desired pure aluminum nitrate.

Al2(SO4)3 + 3Ba(NO3)→ 2Al(NO3)3 + 3BaSO4

Physical Properties

Melting point 72.8C
Boiling point 135C
Molecular weight 212.996g/mol
Density 1.72g/cm3
Solubility in water Anhydrous
Solubility in ethanol 8.63g/100ml
Refractive index 1.54
Solubility in methanol 14.45g/100ml
Appearance White crystal solid

Chemical Properties

  • Reactivity: Aluminum nitrate is a highly reactive compound, especially in the presence of water.
  • Acidity: Aluminum nitrate is a strong acid, with a pH of less than 1.
  • Decomposition: Aluminum nitrate decomposes upon heating, releasing nitrogen oxides and aluminum oxide.


Aluminum nitrate is used in various industrial applications, including:

  • Production of aluminum metal: Aluminum nitrate is used as a precursor in the production of aluminum metal, through the electrolysis of aluminum ions.
  • Preparation of other aluminum compounds: Aluminum nitrate is used as a starting material for the preparation of other aluminum compounds, such as aluminum chloride and aluminum sulfate.
  • Water treatment: Aluminum nitrate is used as a coagulant in water treatment processes, to remove impurities from water.
  • Fireworks: Aluminum nitrate is used as an oxidizer in the production of fireworks, due to its ability to produce bright flames and sparks.


aluminum nitrate is a highly reactive, versatile compound with a range of industrial applications. Its formula, preparation method, and chemical properties make it an important component in various industrial processes. By understanding these details, industries can make better use of aluminum nitrate in their operations.

READ HERE  Aluminium Hydroxide Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties


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