Acetamide Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties


Acetamide: The Chemical Compound and Its Formula

Acetamide is a chemical compound that is composed of one carbon atom, two hydrogen atoms, and one nitrogen atom. It has a molecular formula of CH3CONH2 and is commonly used in the pharmaceutical and food industry. This article will provide an in-depth look at the properties and uses of acetamide, as well as its chemical formula.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the acetamide:

Acetamide Formula

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the acetamide is CH3CONH2 or C2H5O.

Properties of Acetamide

Acetamide is a white crystalline solid that is soluble in water and polar solvents. It has a melting point of 133°C and a boiling point of 261°C. Acetamide has a characteristic amide odor and is flammable, with a flash point of 111°C.

Physical Properties

Melting point 79 to 81C
Boiling point 221.2C
Molecular weight 59.068g/mol
Density 1.159g/cm3
Solubility in water 2000gL-1
Vapour pressure 1.3pa
Refractive index 1.4274
Viscosity 2.052cP(91C)
Crystal structure trigonal

Chemical Properties

It has a mousy odour and it is in the form of hygroscopic solid. The sharing of electrons to each other from carbonyl, methyl and anime groups to form the acetamide. It is also obtained from the condensation of acetic acid with ammonia. It has bitter in taste.

What Method the Acetamide Can be Produced

[NH4][CH3CO2] → CH3C(O)NH2+H2O

CH3CH+H20 → CH3C(O)NH2

Uses of Acetamide

Acetamide is widely used as an intermediate in the synthesis of various compounds, including pharmaceuticals, agricultural chemicals, and food additives. It is also used as a solvent for nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, and dyes.

In the pharmaceutical industry, acetamide is used in the synthesis of several drugs, including anti-tuberculosis agents, anticonvulsants, and anti-inflammatory agents. In the food industry, it is used as a flavor enhancer and as a processing aid in the production of cheese.

Diagram of Acetamide’s Molecular Structure

In this diagram, the carbon atom is represented by “C”, the hydrogen atoms are represented by “H”, the nitrogen atom is represented by “N”, and the oxygen atom is represented by “O”. The bonds between the atoms are represented by lines connecting them.


Acetamide is a versatile chemical compound that is used in a wide range of applications, including pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and food production. Its molecular formula, CH3CONH2, represents the composition of the compound and its molecular structure can be visualized using the diagram provided above.

READ HERE  Ammonium Sulfide Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties


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